Alan Turing

Alan Turing

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Alan Mathinson Turing, was born (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) he die aged 41,die in Wilmslow, Cheshire, England.was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, computer scientist and philosopher. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer.Turing is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.During the World War II, turing worked for Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.Britain with France was war on German and they call global war so Turing can to devised number of techniques for breaking German ciphers,including improvements to the pre-war Polish bombe method.After the war he worked at National Physical Laboratory, where he designed the ACE(Automatic Computing Engine).ACE was an early electronic stored-program computer design produced by Alan Turing at the invitation of John R. Womersley.Turing's techinical design Proposed Electronic Calculator was the product of his theoretical work in 1936 "On Computable Numbers.In 1948 Turing joined Max Newman's Computing Laboratory at Manchester University.The Manchester Computers were an innovative eries of stored-program electronic computers developed during the 30-year period between 1947 and 1977 by a small team at the University of Manchester.And Alan Turing interested in mathematical biology, and then he wrote a paper on chemical basis of morphogenesis. Morphogenesis is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape,after that he precited oscillating chemical reactions such as the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction first observed in the 1960s. Turing was prosecuted for homosexuality in 1952, when in such acts were still criminalised in the UK. Alan choose the treatment with estrogen injections (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison. Two years later, he was found dead of cyanide poisoning. His death was ruled a suicide, and then his mother and some other believed it was accidental. On 10 September 2009, following an Internet campaign, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official public apology on behalf of the British government for "the appalling way he was treated." The Queen granted him a posthumous pardon on 24 December 2013

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That's the ACE.And his war time experience at Bletchley Park where the Colossus computers had been successful in breaking German military codes.

Early life and Career

Turing was born in Paddington,London,while his father was on leave from his position with the Indian Civil Service (ICS) at Chhatrapur, Bihar and Orissa Province, in British India. Turing's father, Julius Mathison Turing (1873–1947). His from Scottish

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